Operation Northern Watch

(ONW)
   As a result of the heavy infighting between Massoud Barzani's Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and Jalal Talabani's Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) that broke out again in August 1996, Barzani invited Saddam Hussein to intervene on his side. This allowed the Iraqi forces to capture some 96 local Kurds working for Operation Provide Comfort (OPC), the allied relief program (which also gathered intelligence) in northern Iraq, and enforced the no-fly zone that was supposed to protect the Iraqi Kurds from Iraqi incursion. As a result, OPC was scaled down (France dropped out) and renamed Operation Northern Watch as of 1 January 1997. This operation was finally terminated in 2003 after the United States overthrew Saddam Hussein.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Operation Northern Watch — Part of Iraqi no fly zones …   Wikipedia

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  • Opération Southern Focus — Les zones d’exclusion aérienne en Irak. Operation Southern Focus a été une opération militaire de bombardements aériens en Irak dans les mois précédant la guerre d Irak qui a commencé en mars 2003. L opération a duré de juin 2002 jusqu au début… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Operation Provide Comfort — (OPC)    The term Operation Provide Comfort (sometimes called Operation Poised Hammer in Turkey) was used to refer to both the U.S. led humanitarian operations that enabled the Kurdish refugees to return to their homes in a safe haven in northern …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

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  • Operation Southern Focus — Part of Iraqi no fly zones Date June 2002 March 17, 2003 Location Southern Iraq Result …   Wikipedia

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